COMPROMISES AND COPING STRATEGIES
The median annual income for households is approximately about UGX 3,800,000. Based from studies collected in 2014 over hunger in Uganda, people encounter and face various choices due to limited resources:
Had to choose between food and utilities
Had to choose between food and transportation
Had to choose between food and medical care
Had to choose between food and housing
Had to choose between food and education
It was also discovered in many ways on how people stretch their food budgets or work to supplement it:
Purchase inexpensive, unhealthy food
Receive help from friends or family
Water down food or drinks
Sell or pawn personal property
Grow food in a garden
Hunger and health are deeply connected. People who are food insecure are disproportionally affected by diet-sensitive chronic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure, and according to research, food insecurity is also linked to many adverse effects to overall health.
For children, food insecurity is particularly devastating. Not having enough healthy food can have serious implications for a child’s physical and mental health, academic achievement and future economic prosperity. Research shows an association between food insecurity and delayed development in young children; risk of chronic illnesses like asthma and anemia; and behavioral problems like hyperactivity, anxiety and aggression in school-age children.